How to Become an IT Engineer in India: Step-by-step Guidance


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how to become it engineer in india

Information Technology (IT) is a dynamic and promising field that offers immense career opportunities for candidates with the right skills and knowledge. 

If you want to know how to become an IT engineer in India, you should understand the roles and responsibilities of an IT engineer. 

IT Engineers: Roles, Responsibilities, Skills

IT engineers design, develop and maintain the digital world’s technology infrastructure. Here are some of their roles and responsibilities.

System AdministrationTo manage and maintain computer systems, networks, and servers
Software DevelopmentTo design and code software applications
Database ManagementTo organise, secure and optimise databases
CybersecurityTo protect systems and data from cyber threats and malicious activities
Cloud ComputingTo utilise cloud platforms for storage and computing requirements
Network ManagementTo efficiently transmit data within organisations
TroubleshootingTo identify and resolve technical issues
Project ManagementTo supervise IT projects, starting from inception to completion

IT engineers require both technical and soft skills to sustain in the field. Here are a few mentioned below for your reference. 

Technical SkillsSoft Skills
Operating SystemsNetworkingProgramming and ScriptingDevOps and AutomationVirtualisation and ContainerisationProblem-solving Critical thinkingAttention to detailEffective communicationAdaptability

Step-by-step Career Guidance To Become An IT Engineer

The experts of Takshashila University give a comprehensive guide to becoming an IT engineer. Ensure to read till the end to kickstart a successful career in the IT field. 

Step 1: Educational Background & Prerequisites

For admissions, 

  • Candidates should have passed the 10+2 examinations (or equivalent) from a recognised board.
  • They should have opted for the PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Maths) or PCMB (Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology) stream in their 12th grade.
  • They should have bagged at least 50% in their final exams.

Step 2: Choose The Right Specialisation

The IT field is vast and diverse. It offers numerous specialisations like

Take time to explore your areas of interest and then choose the best that aligns with your goals.

Step 3: Preparing For Entrance Exams

Once you have finalised the IT specialisations, prepare for entrance examinations. Here are a few for your reference.

1). JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) Mains
2). JEE Advanced
1). MHT CET (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test)
2). KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test)
3). APEAM CET (Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture, and Medical Common Entrance Test)
4). TSEAMCET (Telangana State Engineering, Agriculture, and Medical Common Entrance Test)
1). VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination)
2). SRMJEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Examination)
3). MET (Manipal Entrance Test)
4). AEEE (Amrita Entrance Examination- Engineering)

Step 4: Selecting The Right College

Select the right college that will help you reach your goals and align with your career objectives. Select your college based on, 

  • Reputation
  • Faculty
  • Infrastructure
  • Placement record
  • Location

If you are looking for the best, Takshashila University tops the list. Enrol now in its B.Tech. Information Technology course to boost your career.  

Step 5: Gaining Practical Experience

Once you have chosen the college and settled, focus on gaining practical experience. Though theoretical knowledge is essential to learn about the fundamental principles, hands-on training is equally crucial. 

Enhance your practical knowledge in the IT field by attending

  • Internships
  • Summer training programs
  • Part-time jobs

You can understand real-world scenarios by exploring IT-related roles and responsibilities.

Step 6: Building A Strong Skillset

To establish yourself in the IT field, you should start honing your skills from college. 

  • Learn programming languages (Python, Java, C++, C, etc.)
  • Familiarise yourself with relevant software tools and frameworks:

Software Tools

Eclipse, Visual Studio, IntelliJ IDEA, Django, Ruby on Rails, Node.js, Angular and React, MySQL, Oracle Database, MongoDB, PostgreSQL, GitHub, Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, Docker, Kubernetes, Jenkins, Ansible, Wireshark, Metasploit, Snort, etc.

Step 7: Networking And Industry Exposure

During college, network with industry experts and potential mentors by attending

  • Tech conferences
  • Seminars
  • Workshops

Enrol in the online forums and communities to stay updated and seek professional guidance. 

Step 8: Staying Updated

Information Technology (IT) is an ever-evolving field. So, staying updated with the latest trends and technologies is crucial. 

  • Subscribe to tech blogs
  • Follow industry news
  • Pursue advanced certifications

Step 9: Job Search And Placement

Start applying for jobs during the final year of college or after completing your education and gaining the necessary skills. 

Leverage job portals, networks, company websites, recruitment agencies, etc., to get placed in IT companies. Craft a solid resume highlighting your education, skills, internships, projects, certificates you have obtained, etc.

How To Build A Career In IT

Once you have entered the IT field, you must upskill to stay ahead of others. Taking up advanced certification courses helps boost your chances to be successful. 

Advanced Certifications

  • Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA)
  • Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP)
  • AWS Certified Solutions Architect
  • Oracle Certified Professional (OCP)
  • Project Management Professional (PMP)

What About The Scope Of IT Engineering?

Information Technology helps all industries by enhancing productivity and efficiency. Here are a few industries to mention

  • Healthcare
  • Finance and Banking
  • Retail and E-commerce
  • Manufacturing
  • Automotive
  • Education
  • Entertainment and Media
  • Legal Services
  • Food and Agriculture
  • Construction
  • Since businesses are investing heavily in digital transformation, it creates a high demand for IT engineers.
  • In India, the start-up ecosystem offers enormous opportunities for IT professionals to work on innovative projects.
  • Since India is the best destination for IT outsourcing, there’s more job stability and growth prospects. 
  • Government initiatives like Digital India, Smar Cities, etc., drive the need for IT solutions, increasing the demand for IT engineers. 

Hence, the scope of IT engineering in India is broad and ever-evolving.

IT Jobs Roles & Salary Prospects

Fresher level

Job RoleSalary Prospects
Software Developer/ ProgrammerINR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum
IT Support SpecialistINR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum
Junior Network EngineerINR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum
Database Administrator (DBA) TraineeINR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum

Mid-senior level

Job RoleSalary Prospects
Software EngineerINR 7 to 15 lakhs per annum
Network EngineerINR 7 to 15 lakhs per annum
Cybersecurity AnalystINR 7 to 15 lakhs per annum
Database Administrator (DBA)INR 7 to 15 lakhs per annum

Senior level

Job RoleSalary Prospects
Senior Software ArchitectINR 20 lakhs and above per annum
IT Project ManagerINR 20 lakhs and above per annum
IT Director/ Chief Information Officer (CIO)INR 30 lakhs and above per annum
Cybersecurity Manager/ DirectorINR 30 lakhs and above per annum
Cloud Solutions ArchitectINR 20 lakhs and above per annum

Companies Hiring For IT Professionals in India

Here are a few companies* listed below for your reference. Note that with the emerging startups, every day, the opportunity is limitless. 

  1. Infosys
  2. Wipro
  3. HCL
  4. Cognizant
  5. IBM
  6. Capgemini
  7. Accenture
  8. L&T Infotech
  9. Microsoft India
  10. Amazon India
  11. Google India
  12. Flipkart
  13. PayTM
  14. Swiggy
  15. Ola
  16. Reliance Jio
  17. Facebook (Meta Platforms)
  18. TCS
  19. Tech Mahindra
  20. Zoho Corporation

*- Disclaimer: Note that there are many other companies providing job opportunities, and the above-mentioned are only a few in the ocean. 

Higher Education Opportunities

After completing your IT engineering, you can pursue a master’s degree for in-depth knowledge. It could be 

  • ME or M.Tech in a chosen specialisation 
  • MBA to combine IT expertise with business acumen
  • Ph.D. to research and get into academia

Choose Takshashila University For A Promising Career!

Are you looking for a top-notch college to go to? Look no further than Takshashila University! With over 150 acres of campus, you’ll have tons of options to choose from. From undergraduate to doctorate courses, there’s something for everyone. Yes! There are a total of 64 programmes in the line. 

You won’t have to worry about your future – you’ll be learning from highly skilled teachers and experts. The university partners with potential companies for campus placements, allowing you to work with some of the biggest names in the industry, like Wipro, IBM, TCS, and Accenture. 

And the best part? You can pay for your studies with athletic and academic scholarships. Don’t wait any longer – sign up for an IT-related degree today!


We hope this blog has answered your question, ‘How to become an IT engineer in India?’ It is a rewarding journey that elevates your personal and professional growth. 

If you stay dedicated, continuously upskill yourself, and seize every opportunity to gain practical experience and keep up with the latest and emerging trends and technologies, you can have a successful career in the IT field. 

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Which is better, IT or CS in engineering?

CS focuses on theoretical and mathematical aspects of computing, while IT is more practical and geared towards applications. Choosing between IT and CS depends on your interests and career objectives.

2. How much does an IT engineer earn in India?

Entry-level IT candidates will earn around INR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum. Mid-senior level candidates will earn between INR 7 to 15 lakhs per annum. Senior-level candidates will earn upwards of INR 20 lakhs per annum and more.

3. Is there a lot of coding in IT?

Coding is a fundamental aspect of IT, especially in software development and application roles. IT professionals write, maintain, and debug code to develop software applications, websites and system solutions.

4. What is the role of an IT engineer?

IT engineers design, implement and maintain technology infrastructures, systems and software to ensure functionality and security within an organisation. They also troubleshoot technical issues, manage networks, configure hardware and software and stay updated with the latest trends and technologies.

5. Which skill is in demand in IT?

The most in-demand IT skills include cloud computing, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML), and Cybersecurity. Since the IT field is ever-evolving, the demand for specific skills changes overtime.

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