Science Vs Arts Vs Commerce: What to Choose?


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science vs arts vs commerce

Picking the right stream after the 10th standard is among the most important decisions many students must make. On the surface, each option may seem attractive due to their different strengths.

However, we know how confusing it can get when everyone around you gives their opinions on which stream is better, Science Vs Arts Vs Commerce. Is there a one-size-fits-all answer? In this blog, let’s find it out. 

Understanding Science, Arts and Commerce streams

science vs arts vs commerce

Overview of Science Stream

It focuses on subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, etc., rooted in logic, analytical thinking and problem-solving. It prepares students for careers in engineering, medicine, research, etc., where technical skills are essential. Its emphasis is on developing quantitative and analytical abilities.

Overview of Arts Stream

It includes subjects like History, Geography, Psychology, Literature, etc., which are more conceptual and qualitative. It develops students’ communication, creativity and soft skills through subjects like languages, arts, humanities, etc. It focuses on understanding human behaviour, culture and society rather than hard facts and formulas.

Overview of Commerce Stream

It covers subjects related to business, finance, economics and accountancy. It equips students with the skills required for careers in administration, management, banking, entrepreneurship, etc. It balances analytical abilities developed through subjects like statistics with a qualitative understanding of commerce and markets.

Now that you have known about these streams, Takshashila University lists the pros and cons for better understanding.

Pros and Cons of Choosing Science

Here are the advantages and disadvantages of pursuing a Science stream.

Leads to lucrative career options in high-demand fields like engineering, medicine, and technology.Develops strong analytical, quantitative and problem-solving skills, which are valuable for many careers.Prepares students well for technical careers requiring expertise in healthcare, research, quality control, etc.Offers opportunities for higher education in specialised fields both in India and abroad.Subjects are conceptually tricky and demanding, requiring strong aptitude and dedication for abstract thinking.Heavy coursework can be stressful, leaving less time for other activities or well-rounded development.Students may find it harder to switch to unrelated fields later, unlike arts or commerce, which offer more flexibility in a career change.

Pros and Cons of Choosing Arts

Here are the advantages and disadvantages of pursuing an Arts stream.

Develops creative thinking, communication skills and appreciation for humanities through subjects like literature, languages, arts, etc.Provides flexibility to explore various interests like psychology, history, culture, etc., and opens up diverse career paths.Soft skills like critical thinking, problem-solving, and public speaking are valuable in many careers.Leads to career options in growing fields like media, advertising, event management, corporate communication, etc., besides traditional arts-related jobs.Career options may seem limited if a student is not interested in teaching or creative fields.Students may face initial difficulties securing jobs outside of traditional arts domains due to a lack of technical skills.Subjects are more conceptual, requiring strong understanding rather than technical/analytical abilities tested in science or commerce.

Pros and Cons of Choosing Commerce

Here are the advantages and disadvantages of pursuing a Commerce stream

Provides skills required for a wide range of career options in fields like banking, finance, entrepreneurship, business management, etc.Develops analytical abilities through subjects like statistics and a qualitative understanding of commerce.Balances both logical/quantitative skills and creativity, which is useful for jobs in business.Potential for high-growth careers in expanding sectors like finance, retail, logistics, etc., with increasing job opportunities.Career options are somewhat limited if you are not interested in business, administration or related fields.Subjects like accountancy require a strong aptitude for numbers, which may not suit some.Students may find it harder to switch to non-commerce careers like engineering, medicine, arts, etc., later on.

When to Opt for Science, Arts and Commerce?

Opt for Science

  • If you have a strong aptitude and interest in subjects like maths, physics, and chemistry.
  • If you want to pursue technical careers in engineering, medicine, research, etc.
  • If you enjoy analytical thinking and problem-solving challenges.
  • If you want to develop valuable technical and quantitative skills sought by many industries.
  • If you want to study highly specialised subjects at undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

Opt for Arts

  • If you are interested in humanities, literature, history, and creative arts.
  • If you are best suited for careers in teaching, media, social services, etc., requiring communication skills.
  • If you are a creative and conceptual thinker wanting to understand human behaviour.
  • If you want to develop soft skills like communication, language, and creativity useful for many fields.
  • If you want to change career paths by pursuing additional training or certifications, flexibly.

Opt for Commerce

  • If you are interested in business, finance, or economics and have an analytical bent.
  • If you are an aspiring entrepreneur or want to have a career in administration, banking, etc.
  • If you can balance logic and creativity for careers in marketing, HR, etc.
  • If you want to develop technical skills through subjects like accountancy and soft skills.
  • If you want to start your own business or take up managerial roles in companies.

Differences Between Science, Arts and Commerce At A Glance

SubjectsPhysics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Computer ScienceHistory, Geography, Literature, Sociology, Political Science, LanguagesAccountancy, Economics, Business Studies, Mathematics
FocusScientific and technical knowledge, experimentation, researchCreative expression, critical thinking, cultural understandingBusiness operations, finance, entrepreneurship, economics
Skills emphasisedAnalytical thinking, problem-solving, practical applicationCreativity, communication, critical analysis, interpretationAnalytical skills, financial management, business acumen, numerical proficiency
Further educationHigher degrees in specialised fields, Research opportunitiesMaster’s in Arts, Humanities, Social Sciences, and Teaching degreesMBA, Chartered Accountancy, Company Secretary, Finance-related certifications
Work environmentLaboratories, Research Centers, Hospitals, IT CompaniesPublishing Houses, Schools, Art Studios, Media OrganizationsBanks, Corporations, Consultancy Firms, Accounting Firms

Career Opportunities in Science, Arts and Commerce

Here are some of the top career opportunities after pursuing Science, Arts and Commerce streams:

Science Stream

  • Engineering: Computer, Mechanical, Electrical, Civil etc. Great scope in IT, Automotive, and Infrastructure sectors.
  • Medical: Doctor, Nurse, Physiotherapist etc. Stable careers in healthcare.
  • Research: Scientist, Laboratory Technician. Opportunities in Pharma, Biotech industries.
  • Pharmacy: Pharmacist. Demand in hospitals, pharmaceutical companies.

Arts Stream

  • Teaching: School/College lecturer. Fulfilling career-shaping young minds.
  • Journalism & Mass Communication: Reporter, Editor, PR Professional. Dynamic field with media houses.
  • Psychology & Social Work: Counsellor, NGO Worker. Help people through difficult times.
  • Law: Lawyer, Litigator. Challenging but impactful career fighting for justice.
  • Fine Arts: Painter, Sculptor, Artist. A creative outlet appreciated worldwide.

Commerce Stream

  • Finance: Banker, Stockbroker, Analyst. High-paying roles in banks and brokerage firms.
  • Accounting & Taxation: CA, CMA, CS. Back-office jobs or start your own practice.
  • Business Management: Entrepreneur, Manager. Run successful companies.
  • Marketing & Sales: Brand Manager, Sales Head. Thriving sector for go-getters.
  • Human Resources: Recruiter, Trainer. Fulfilling work developing people’s potential.

Factors to Consider while Choosing Between Science, Arts and Commerce

Here are some important factors to consider while choosing between Science, Arts and Commerce streams:

  • Aptitude and interests- Evaluate your strengths in subjects like Maths, Sciences and Humanities. Choose the stream aligned to your natural aptitudes and interests.
  • Career aspirations- Be clear about your preferred career goals – doctor, engineer, teacher etc. Pick the relevant stream for your dream job.
  • Workload and time management- Science may be workload intensive. Consider your extracurricular interests and ability to manage time.
  • Academic performance- Consider your 10th board scores in relevant subjects and the entry criteria for desired undergraduate programs.
  • Long-term growth prospects- Research emerging opportunities in different fields and industries while choosing your specialisation.
  • Flexibility and adaptability- Consider the ease or difficulty of changing fields later if interests/goals change. Some streams offer more flexibility than others.

Choose Takshashila University For a Fruitful Career!

Takshashila University is a premier private institution located in Tindivanam, near Chennai. Established in 2017, it has emerged as a top choice for undergraduate and postgraduate programs in diverse fields. 

Takshashila offers cutting-edge infrastructure, including well-equipped labs and workshops. The university’s strong industry-academia linkages ensure students gain practical skills through internships and research projects. 

Its faculty, composed of experienced academics and professionals, provides a vibrant learning environment. Affordable fees and scholarship schemes enable many aspirants to build bright careers through quality technical and management education.

Be it Commerce, Arts or Science, whichever stream you are from, Takshashila University has something for you!


Ultimately, in the battle of Science Vs Arts Vs Commerce, it all comes down to figuring out what you’re good at, what you want to do with your life, and where you fit in. Science is great for technical careers, Arts is for developing soft skills, and Commerce is for business. 

Research and talk to teachers, counsellors, seniors, and parents for the best advice. Ultimately, it’s all about picking the one that best suits your skills and interests. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Is arts easier than commerce and science?

Arts is generally considered to be easier than commerce and science by some people. However, arts require strong creative skills and can be challenging in their own way. Ultimately, the difficulty of different subjects is very subjective and depends on individual strengths and interests.

2. Which is best, science, commerce or arts?

There is no single best stream between science, commerce and arts. For some students, a science background could open doors to exciting careers in engineering or medicine. Others may be inclined towards creative fields like literature and fine arts or more social, like business. What matters most is choosing a specialisation one is passionate about.

3. Which stream is tougher?

While science focuses more on maths and physics, which some find difficult, commerce deals with understanding financial concepts, which is tough for others. Arts subjects allow creativity, but essays and literature analysis are hard work. Ultimately, each person’s abilities and interests make one stream seem more challenging to them than others.

4. Which stream is in demand?

Science and commerce streams are generally in higher demand as they open more career options directly after school. Students from these streams can pursue engineering, medicine, finance, and business management careers, where job opportunities are more readily available.

5. Which stream offers more salary?

Generally, careers in STEM fields like engineering, technology, and medical sciences from the science stream tend to offer higher salaries in the long run. However, careers in commerce also provide well-paying jobs in finance, banking, and management. While salaries may start lower for arts graduates, those who pursue further education or training can have salaries on par with other streams if they specialise in higher-paying professions like law, journalism, or advertising.

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