Why Did You Choose Mechanical Engineering? Scopes and Career Opportunities in the Job Market


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choose mechanical engineering

Why Choose Mechanical Engineering?

Mechanical engineering is a branch of engineering that focuses on designing, producing, and operating machinery, systems and plants. Mechanical engineers integrate mechanical sciences, computation and design to shape the future and are responsible for every technological and environmental advancement. 

Do you remember your childhood disassembling toys to understand their inner workings and gradually getting a desire to build one on your own while growing up? 
It is one of the first steps of your interest towards mechanical engineering. 

So, if someone asks, ‘Why did you choose mechanical engineering?’, tell them this. 

mechanical engineering

Versatility Of Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering isn’t just for cars and planes – it’s also used in many industries other than automotive and aerospace. You can find mechanical engineers in various places, like energy and manufacturing, robotics and biomedical, and even HVAC.

They play a crucial role in designing fuel-efficient vehicles, developing sustainable energy solutions, creating advanced medical devices, and exploring outer space. Since the scope is vast and promising, mechanical engineering makes an exciting choice for your future. 

Educational Path

Becoming a mechanical engineer begins with your stream choice in 11th grade. You should have passed the board examination in the PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) stream with at least 50% to apply for mechanical engineering. 

Or, you can also take a polytechnic course (Diploma) for 3 years in a Polytechnic Institute after your 10th grade. 

Undergraduate Studies

However, a solid undergraduate degree is always better to thrive in the competitive job market. You can take up B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering of 4 years duration after your 12th grade. 

During the course, you will learn the fundamentals of engineering mechanics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, materials mechanics, machine design, control systems, robotics and automation, engineering analysis, CAD, CAM, mathematics, physics, chemistry, etc. 

Some students can find the curriculum challenging, but it is worth the struggle since it is immensely rewarding. 

Potential Benefits of Higher Studies

Though undergraduate degrees are sufficient to begin your successful career, pursuing a master’s degree can enhance your chances of getting exciting opportunities and advance your career. 

You can do an M.Tech. Mechanical Engineering and later a Ph.D. in any mechanical engineering specialisations, such as robotics, fluid dynamics, or renewable energy, to boost your career. 

Scopes In Mechanical Engineering

The scope of mechanical engineering is evergreen, vast, diverse and expanding. As a mechanical engineer, you will find immense opportunities in various industries. 

Industry Overview

Here are some industries in which mechanical engineers work. 
Automotive IndustryAerospace IndustryManufacturing IndustryEnergy SectorConstruction IndustryConsumer ElectronicsBiomedical EngineeringMaterials Science And MetallurgyOil And Gas IndustryEnvironmental EngineeringDefense IndustryConsulting FirmsResearch And Development (R&D)Renewable Energy And Green TechnologyMarine And Naval EngineeringFood Processing IndustryPharmaceutical Industry

Emerging Trends

There are several emerging trends shaping the mechanical engineering field. Here are a few out of many that are constantly evolving.

  • Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing)

The 3D printing technology helps in rapid prototyping and production of complex parts.

  • Green and sustainable engineering

With the growing concern about sustainability, mechanical engineers design energy-efficient systems, sustainable manufacturing processes and environmentally friendly products. 

Mechanical engineers use AI and ML to optimise mechanical systems and processes for predictive maintenance, design optimisation and autonomous systems. 

  • Internet of Things (IoT) Integration

Mechanical engineers integrate IoT into mechanical systems to enable remote monitoring, data collection, and control. 

  • Robotics and Automation

Mechanical engineers design and program the systems since the usage of robots and automation in manufacturing and other industries is rising.

  • Nanotechnology

Mechanical engineers use nanomaterials and nanotechnology to create products with enhanced properties. 

Did You Know?
The first-ever machines in the world were simple levers, pulleys, wheels, axles and screws!

Career Opportunities

Mechanical engineers have diverse career opportunities like manufacturing engineer, aerospace engineer, or energy consultant. Here are some job roles and the salary prospects given for your reference.

Job Roles 

Fresher level

Job RoleSalary expected
Mechanical EngineerINR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum
Quality Assurance EngineerINR 2.5 to 5 lakhs per annum
Design EngineerINR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum
Production EngineerINR 2.5 to 5.5 lakhs per annum

Mid-senior level

Job RoleSalary expected
Project ManagerINR 8 to 15 lakhs per annum
Maintenance ManagerINR 7 to 14 lakhs per annum
Research and Development EngineerINR 6 to 12 lakhs per annum
Supply Chain ManagerINR 8 to 16 lakhs per annum

Senior level

Job RoleSalary expected
Engineering DirectorINR 20 to 50 lakhs per annum
Consultant/AdvisorINR 30 lakhs and more per annum

Salary And Compensation

Since mechanical engineers are in high demand across sectors, they have extensive opportunities in core companies and the IT field. On average, mechanical engineering graduates earn between INR 3 to 8 lakhs per annum in India

Job Market Outlook

Here is the job market outlook for mechanical engineering graduates in India. 

  • Stability: The job market for mechanical engineering is stable and broad. This is because diverse industries rely upon mechanical engineers. 
  • Global demand: Mechanical engineers have global demand since there is significant growth in industries where mechanical engineers are in need to design products and systems. 
  • Technological advancements: With technological advancements, such as automation, robotics, renewable energy, sustainability, AI, etc., mechanical engineers have new opportunities. 
  • More job openings: With the retirement of baby boomers, Gen Z will have more job opportunities. 

Here are some companies that hire mechanical engineers in India. 

Core companies:

  • Ford 
  • Toyota
  • Boeing
  • Honeywell
  • Caterpillar
  • Shell

IT companies:

  • TATA Consultancy Services (TCS)
  • Infosys
  • Wipro
  • HCL Technologies
  • Tech Mahindra
  • Cognizant
  • IBM India

Career Development

Mechanical engineers need specific skills to thrive in the competitive job market. They develop it through their education.

Skills And Qualities

Apart from technical skills, mechanical engineers develop specific qualities and soft skills such as 

Soft skills and qualities
– Problem-solving
– Attention to detail
– Effective communication
– Teamwork
– Adaptability
– Project management
– Ethical and professional conduct
– Safety awareness
– Continuous learning
– Critical thinking
– Leadership
– Entrepreneurial spirit

Honing these skills help excel in your career and contribute to the evergreen mechanical engineering landscape.

Networking And Professional Organisations

Networking with industry experts helps gain insights about emerging technologies and industry best practices. 

Building a solid professional network and attending conferences, workshops, or seminars conducted by professional organisations opens doors to promising career opportunities. 

Choose Takshashila University For A Fruitful Career

If you’re looking for the best place to go to college, Takshashila University is the place to be! With 64 different courses, from undergraduate to doctorate, you’ll have plenty of options. 

The campus is over 150 acres, making it the perfect place to study. You don’t have to stress about your future because you’ll learn from the best teachers and experts. 

Since the university has partnered with potential companies for its campus placements, you might get placed in some of the best companies around – Wipro, IBM, TCS, Accenture, etc. 

Takshashila University helps you pay for your studies by providing athletic and academic scholarships! So, don’t wait any longer- sign up today for B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering programme!


We have come to an end and hope you have an answer to the question, ‘Why did you choose mechanical engineering?’ The field is coupled with versatility, ever-expanding opportunities and constant demand for innovation. It makes the best choice for students to have a fulfilling and impactful professional life. 

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Are mechanical engineers in high demand?

Since mechanical engineers can design, analyse and optimise mechanical systems, they are in demand across various industries, such as manufacturing, automotive, aerospace, energy, etc. 

2. Is mechanical engineering good for a career?

Mechanical engineering is an excellent career choice since it offers diverse job opportunities, competitive salaries and a chance to work on innovative projects.

3. What are some of the disciplines of mechanical engineering?

Some specialised disciplines of mechanical engineering are thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, mechatronics, materials science and engineering, and manufacturing engineering. 

4. Can mechanical engineers work in the IT field?

Mechanical engineers, upon getting relevant skills in computer programming, software development and IT infrastructure, can work in the IT field. 

5. What is the average salary of a mechanical engineer in India?

The average salary of a mechanical engineer in India is between INR 3 to 8 lakhs per annum. 

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